What is Core Stability?
Core stability is the ability to control the position of the trunk and pelvis through movement. By utilising the stabilising muscles of the trunk and pelvis you are able to maintain good trunk and pelvic position to then allow the large global muscle to contract efficiently and effectively to complete the physical task required.
Core stability for endurance runners is particularly important to allow an efficient running gait and therefore improve running speed and endurance.
Poor core stability can lead to excessive trunk rotation, lumbar extension, pelvic and hip rotation. These biomechanical issues over distance can contribute to lower back pain and lower limb injuries such as hip pain, iliotibial band syndrome, knee pain and shin splints.
What can physiotherapy do to help?
Physiotherapists are trained to assess the strength and endurance of your core muscles throughout your trunk, pelvis and hips. Any deficits will be detected and then appropriate exercises to improve that specific muscle’s strength and or endurance as required.
Physiotherapists will also assess the biomechanics of the lower limb through dynamic activities such as walking, running and hopping to observe your core stability and lower limb strength dynamically. Any appropriate exercises, technique advice and manual therapy will be utilised as needed.
Clinical pilates is commonly used as an assessment and treatment modality in core stability training. Commonly equipment such as reformer beds and trapeze tables are used throughout the treatment process.